Enabling Remote Desktop Via PowerShell Direct From A Windows 10 Hyper-V Host Machine

#Enabling Remote Desktop Via PowerShell Direct From A Windows 10 Hyper-V Host Machine

#Note: This does not work on Windows 10 Home Edition.

#Just the code:

If (Test-Path 'HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Terminal Server') {Get-Item 'HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Terminal Server'|Set-ItemProperty -Name fDenyTSConnections -Value 0 -PassThru|fl}
Get-NetFirewallRule -DisplayGroup "Remote Desktop"|Set-NetFirewallRule -enabled true -PassThru|select Name,DisplayName,Enabled,Profile|ft -a

#The Long Story…

#Yeah so PowerShell Direct doesn’t do everything and neither does PowerShell Remote.  Simply put, PowerShell Direct is a connection to a remote computer initiated with Enter-PSSession -VMName. PowerShell Remote uses WinRM to communicate and is initiated using Enter-PSSession -ComputerName. It is important to know the difference because each way of connecting doesn’t function exactly the same way. You will get errors in PowerShell Direct using commands that require the Background Intelligent Transfer Serviceor BITS, for one. BITS only works in PowerShell Remote.

#Sometimes Remote Desktop isn’t even enough but it does so much more. Simple things like using Out-GridView for formatting complex command output needs to be run directly from the machine you are running PowerShell ISE on via a Remote Desktop session. PowerShell Direct and PowerShell Remote sessions are not allowed to call on Out-Gridview at all.

#Note: These commands work in Windows 10 and in PowerShell and PowerShell Direct.

These are the default Remote Desktop settings (Disabled)

#Enable the Remote Desktop Services (also known as RDP and Terminal Services)

#For maximum security only run this and the firewall command like I have shown above under #Just the code:.

If (Test-Path 'HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Terminal Server') {Get-Item 'HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Terminal Server'|Set-ItemProperty -Name fDenyTSConnections -Value 0 -PassThru|fl}

#Check configured port number for Remote Desktop Services (RDS). The default incoming port is 3389 unless you change it.

Get-ItemProperty 'HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Terminal Server\WinStations\RDP-TCP\' -Name PortNumber -Verbose|ft -w #Check default Remote Desktop incoming port

#Open Firewall for Remote Desktop Services (RDS)

#Open the Windows Firewall for Remote Desktop Services.

Get-NetFirewallRule -DisplayGroup "Remote Desktop"|Set-NetFirewallRule -enabled true -PassThru|select Name,DisplayName,Enabled,Profile|ft -a

#Add users to the Remote Desktop Users group

#The default administrator account is automatically added so this is only needed if you have additional accounts to add. You can also add Active Directory domain user accounts and groups using domain\remoteuser credentials after the –Member switch.

Add-LocalGroupMember -Group 'Remote Desktop Users' -Member remoteuser -Verbose #username or domain\username will work

#Disable NLM authentication

#Allow older versions of Windows to connect with weaker authentication by issuing the following command. I would not disable NLM authentication unless you absolutely need to.

If (Get-ItemProperty 'HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Terminal Server\WinStations\RDP-Tcp') {Get-ItemProperty 'HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Terminal Server\WinStations\RDP-Tcp'|Set-ItemProperty -Name UserAuthentication -Value 0 -PassThru|fl} #disable NLM authentication

#I’ve already disabled Remote Assistance so the settings look like the screenshot below for me once NLM authentication is disabled:


Enable or Disable Game Mode In Windows 10 Creators Edition Using PowerShell Commands

#Enable Game Mode In Windows 10 Creators Edition Using PowerShell Commands

#Enable Game Mode in Windows 10 Creators Edition only. This does not work in previous or the latest version of Windows 10.  Windows Key + G will toggle Game Mode once the changes have been made. This command appears to have no effect in 1909.

#Just the command

If (Test-Path HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\GameBar) {Get-Item HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\GameBar|Set-ItemProperty -Name AllowAutoGameMode -Value 1 -Verbose -Force}

#The Longer Story…

#The above command enables Game Mode. The command below disables Game Mode. Again this feature is only available in Windows 10 Creators Edition. These commands work in both PowerShell and PowerShell Direct.

#Check Game Bar Registry Key And Existing Configuration (1=Enabled, 0=Disabled)

#If the GameBar registry key has no properties then Game Mode is disabled.  If allow AllowAutoGameMode is set to 1 then Game Mode is enabled. If it is set to 0 then AllowAutoGameMode is disabled.

Get-Item -Path HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\GameBar -Verbose|ft -a

#▲Game Mode Disabled (Installation Default)

#▲Game Mode Enabled

#Enable Game Mode In Windows 10 For The First Time

#The -Force switch is used to a skip using New-Item or New-ItemProperty commands but specifying -Force will delete the key and recreate the key and you will lose all sub-keys.

If (Test-Path HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\GameBar) {Get-Item HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\GameBar|Set-ItemProperty -Name AllowAutoGameMode -Value 1 -Verbose -Force} #Enable Game Mode

#Disable Game Mode In Windows 10 Once Enabled Or To Manually Set Game Mode To Disabled

#If you just remove the registry key then Game Mode will stay enabled. Changing AllowAutoGameMode to 0 will disable Game Mode once it has been enabled.

If (Test-Path HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\GameBar) {Get-Item -Path HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\GameBar|Set-ItemProperty -Name AllowAutoGameMode -Value 0 -Verbose -Force}

#Check If AllowAutoGameMode Registry Property Is Enabled (1=Enabled, 0=Disabled)

#Is similar to the other command to check Game Mode status with more information about the registry key. This command will error if AllowAutoGameMode is not there but just means that Game Mode is disabled by default.

Get-ItemProperty -Path HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\GameBar\ -Name AllowAutoGameMode -Verbose|fl

#Keyboard Shortcuts for Game Barhttps://support.microsoft.com/en-us/instantanswers/a4cced71-b833-4e48-8523-8be8b7d29448/keyboard-shortcuts-for-game-bar

#Additional Microsoft Game Infohttps://www.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/windows-10-games

Enable Network Discovery In Windows 10 Without Using the netsh Command In PowerShell

#Enable Network Discovery In Windows 10 Without Using the netsh Command In PowerShell

#It is as simple as enabling  the pre-configured rule in Windows Firewall to enable Network Discovery in Windows 10 but using netsh is the old fashion way.

#Run just this one command in an elevated PowerShell prompt to enable Network Discovery

Get-NetFirewallRule -DisplayGroup 'Network Discovery'|Set-NetFirewallRule -Profile 'Private, Domain' -Enabled true -PassThru|select Name,DisplayName,Enabled,Profile|ft -a

#The Longer Story…

#Enabling the Network Discovery services it what makes the Network icon (formally My Network Places) work properly. These commands all work in both PowerShell and PowerShell Direct.

#Get Firewall rules for Network Discovery

#This command shows the individual rules and the network connection profiles that  are explicitly enabled and disabled for Network Discovery.

Get-NetFirewallRule -DisplayGroup 'Network Discovery'|select Name,DisplayName,Enabled,Profile|ft -a

#Enable Network Discovery for Private and Domain network profiles

#Enable the Network Discovery service for the Private and Domain network profiles by applying the preconfigured Windows Firewall group rule called Network Discovery by typing this:

Get-NetFirewallRule -DisplayGroup 'Network Discovery'|Set-NetFirewallRule -Profile 'Private, Domain' -Enabled true -PassThru|select Name,DisplayName,Enabled,Profile|ft -a

#▲It will look like that in the GUI setup when Network Discovery is enabled.

#Set Network Connection Profile to Private.

Set-NetConnectionProfile -NetworkCategory Private -PassThru

#Disable Network Discovery for all network profiles

#Run this command to disable Network Discovery on all network profiles if you do not wish to keep the service available.

Get-NetFirewallRule -DisplayGroup 'Network Discovery'|Set-NetFirewallRule -Enabled false -PassThru|select Name,DisplayName,Enabled,Profile|ft -a

#▲It will look like that in the GUI setup when Network Discovery is disabled.

Enable Hyper-V Role In Windows 10 Professional, Enterprise And Education Vs. Android Emulators

#Enable The Hyper-V Role in Windows 10 Professional, Enterprise Or Education Using PowerShell

#If this is the first time, and if if this will be the only time enabling the Hyper-V role in Windows 10, then this PowerShell command is all you need. If you need to switch the Hyper-V services on/off to avoid interference with other hypervisors and without removing the Hyper-V role then download Hyper-V Switch.

#Enable Hyper-V Role Using PowerShell

Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName:Microsoft-Hyper-V -All

#Disable Hyper-V Role Using PowerShell

Disable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Hyper-V

#The Long Story…

#Continue reading if you are having issues or are using a conflicting hypervisor or emulator and getting the dreaded Blue Screen of Death.

#Having Issues Enabling Hyper-V Role In Windows 10 Professional, Enterprise Or Education?

Check Requirements

  • Windows 10 Enterprise, Professional, or Education
  • 64-bit Processor with Second Level Address Translation (SLAT)
  • CPU support for VM Monitor Mode Extension (VT-c on Intel CPU’s)
  • Minimum of 4 GB memory

NOTE: The Hyper-V role cannot be installed on Windows 10 Home.

OK so beyond those requirements lies a different issue many are facing with the advent of Android based virtual machines and emulators.

BlueStacks Android Emulator and Andy Android Emulator both crash on load every time, when the Hyper-V role is active.  It looks like both used to work together before the Anniversary Edition update broke the support of Hyper-V and other emulators running at the same time. Here is the bulletin from BlueStacks regarding this issue.

I  want my computer to run everything and work right all the time, so I tried to install x86Android Android Emulator in Hyper-V as an alternative. Once I finally was able to get an older version to work; I found the touchscreen support / controls were unsuitable for my needs. The controls were pure garbage. I may revisit that scenario and try for a more complete configuration but BlueStacks Android Emulator is just so much more user friendly on every level. For now, I switch back and forth between a Hyper-V and a BlueStacks setup.

Here is what I found to switch Hyper-V on and off.  Previously, I was removing the Hyper-V role and adding it again when needed, but a caveat of doing that is the Hyper-V Virtual Switch Manager settings are lost in the process. The settings need to be recreated and reattached to each virtual machine, every time the role is reinstalled. You end up with a lot of orphaned network adapters.

!!!Hyper-V Switch To The Rescue!!!

Calm down. This utility doesn’t allow Hyper-V to run simultaneously with VMWare, VirtualBox or BlueStacks, but this great tool I found at least saves a reboot (it takes two reboots if you add and remove the Hyper-V role). Also, I don’t have to reconfigure Virtual Switch Manager every time I do it. This program automates a bcdedit process to disable Hyper-V without removing the Hyper-V role as part of the process.

Use Hyper-V Switch to toggle Hyper-V support on and off when using other emulators like VirtualBox or Andy Android Emulator to keep it fast and simple. I saved it to my Desktop and edited the executable file to Run as Administrator just to be sure it has the rights needed. You can also single right-click on the executable file or shortcut and then single left-click on Run as Administrator every time.

https://github.com/ygoe/HyperVSwitch – Download from GitHub

http://unclassified.software/apps/hypervswitch – Hyper-V Switch Website

#Enable The Hyper-V Role Using PowerShell manually or for the first time

#For the first and if the only time enabling the Hyper-V role then the command  below is all you need.

Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName:Microsoft-Hyper-V -All

#Enable Hyper-V and all features.

Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName:Microsoft-Hyper-V -All

#Type y and press Enter

#Disable The Hyper-V Role Using PowerShell

Disable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Hyper-V

#Disable Hyper-V and all features

Disable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Hyper-V#Type y and press Enter

Manually Enable Hyper-V From The GUI

Windows Key-R to bring up the Run box.

Type optionalfeatures.exe and single left-click OK to execute (just means to run) optionalfeatures.exe. This method actually allows for more control of the Hyper-V installation since you can deselect unneeded features. For example, some people may not have any need for the Hyper-V Module for Windows PowerShell module if they don’t use PowerShell  or PowerShell Direct to administer any virtual machines.

Single left-click to select the Hyper-V option. Single left-click the Plus sign to expand if you need to select or deselect any of the default features. I use all the Hyper-V features so PowerShell for this installation works just fine for me. The end goal is to avoid moving my mouse as much as possible.